The first signs of psoriasis

One of the most mysterious autoimmune diseases is psoriasis. The disease has no total cure, affects patients of different age groups and manifests itself in the form of raised red-pink spots. If you have the necessary information, you can recognize the first signs of psoriasis on your own, but to accurately diagnose the pathology and prescribe treatment, you must contact a specialist. Timely detection of pathology helps to quickly reduce symptoms and gives a greater chance of achieving long-term remission.

The presented material contains information about the first manifestations of psoriasis in women and men. In addition, the article gives a detailed answer to the question of how to recognize psoriasis at the initial stage and what to do to prevent the progression of the disease.

Causes of the disease

Before moving on to the signs of the disease, it is necessary to better understand the causes of its occurrence.

Additional Information!The exact cause of the disease is currently unknown to science. There are several scientific theories that explain the manifestation of the disease.

The most justified among them are:

  1. immune;
  2. genetic.
Experts identify certain factors for the occurrence of psoriasis

Since psoriasis belongs to the category of autoimmune diseases, and dysfunction of the immune system can actually provoke the development of the disease, which has been repeatedly proven, the immunological theory is the most justified.

However, the importance of genetic theory should not be underestimated, as according to statistical studies, the probability of a patient whose parents have psoriasis being affected is 70%.

Factors contributing to the manifestation of signs of psoriasis:

  1. abuse of fatty foods, foods rich in emulsifiers, yeasts, dyes and other food additives;
  2. excessive alcohol consumption;
  3. smoking, drug use;
  4. exposure to stress, frequent emotional outbursts, increased anxiety;
  5. frequent use of chemically aggressive drugs;
  6. excessive use of certain medications;
  7. mechanical damage to the skin.

Beginning of psoriasis, general signs of the disease

There are several forms of psoriasis, each with specific signs and symptoms. However, some manifestations of the disease, the occurrence of which indicates the development of the disease, are inherent in all forms of pathology.

Onset of psoriasis, signs (common to all forms of the disease):

  • the appearance of pimples (papules) on the skin;
  • increase in the affected area, spread of the rash;
  • lamination of the nail plate;
  • skin peeling;
  • the appearance of blisters on the palms and feet;
  • the appearance of burning and itching.

Additional Information!The first signs of psoriasis in women are identical to those that appear in men and children. The nature of the rash that occurs in the initial stages of the development of pathology is mistakenly confused with an allergic one, but the nature, as well as the causes of this lesion, are somewhat different.

The first symptoms of psoriasis in different forms of the disease

Genetic predisposition is one of the causes of psoriasis

Most often, patients are exposed to the following forms of psoriasis:

  • Vulgar or simple psoriasis;
  • Seborrheic;
  • Psoriasis on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands;
  • Nail psoriasis;
  • Inverse or double psoriasis;
  • In the shape of a tear.

Let us dwell in more detail on the signs and symptoms of these forms of pathology.

Signs of psoriasis vulgaris

Psoriasis vulgaris can be diagnosed in the early stages. The first signs of this form of the disease are expressed by the appearance of rounded pink-red plaques covered with silvery scales, which after a certain time begin to peel and itch.

In some cases, the appearance of plaques may be preceded by the formation of papules on the scalp and joints (elbows, ankles and knees).

Observation!At the initial stage of the disease, papules formed on the epidermis may not bother the patient for a long time. They do not cause pain, are almost imperceptible and do not itch, which is why some patients mistakenly confuse them with allergies.

How to distinguish a psoriatic rash from manifestations of an allergic reaction:

  • psoriatic papules are easy to peel off;
  • when a papular rash is scraped, terminal film phenomena appear;
  • Further scraping of the papule leads to the appearance of small drops of blood.

A feature of the psoriatic rash that distinguishes it from signs of other diseases is the fact that in summer the affected area decreases or even disappears completely, and in winter it increases.

Seborrheic psoriasis

The first signs of seborrheic psoriasis appear on the scalp, later the pathology spreads to the shoulders and facial skin. The danger of this form lies in its secretive nature, since, unlike simple psoriasis vulgaris, seborrheic psoriasis is not characterized by the formation of papules, sometimes it can only manifest itself in the form of peeling of the scalp. To get rid of peeling, many patients use special anti-dandruff shampoos, confusing psoriasis with common seborrhea.

Important!After detecting the first signs of the disease, you should consult a dermatologist, an experienced specialist will be able to diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment. It is recommended to combat the disease in the early stages of its development, which significantly increases the chances of reducing the symptoms of the disease and achieving long-term remission.

If treatment of seborrheic psoriasis is not prescribed in a timely manner, the disease will gradually affect the skin of the shoulders, ears, forehead and face. The subsequent stages of the development of pathology are characterized by the appearance of plaques, increased burning and itching. Getting rid of these symptoms is much more difficult than getting rid of the peeling characteristic of the first stage of the disease, but with the help of modern methods it is still possible to achieve the desired result.

Inverse psoriasis (fold psoriasis)

If psoriasis occurs, you should consult a dermatologist

Characteristics of inverse psoriasis:

  • the localization of the disease is the folds under the armpits, on the genitals, in the groin, under the mammary glands;
  • psoriatic patches are shiny, smooth and bright red;
  • plaques that look like ordinary spots practically do not come off, which is why the manifestations of the disease are often confused with irritation resulting from increased sweating;
  • signs of psoriasis in men - rashes on the inner surface of the foreskin, the head of the penis is also often affected;
  • For women, a rash in the labia minora area is typical.

Psoriasis on the palms and soles

The localization sites for this form of pathology are the palms and feet. The plaques have a callus shape with a dense surface and later psoriasis phenomena such as terminal film and bloody dew appear. Sometimes cracks form on the affected surface, which causes physical discomfort when walking.

The symptoms of the disease can be alleviated with the use of special ointments and medications.

Nail psoriasis

Early signs of nail psoriasis include:

  • separation of the nail plate;
  • fragility of nails, their thickening;
  • change in the color of the nail plate;
  • the appearance of white transverse stripes, dots and spots on the nail;
  • formation of hemorrhages under the nail plate.

Patients whose family members suffer from psoriasis, and any form of it, are more susceptible to psoriatic onychodystrophy, which is why these individuals should be more attentive to their health, in particular the condition of their nails.

Guttate psoriasis

The pathology appears mainly on the thighs; the papules have a teardrop shape, which, in fact, explains the etymology of the name of this type of disease. Over time, rashes form on other areas of the skin, which indicates the progression of the disease.

In summary, we can highlight the fundamental rules that must be followed in case of psoriasis:

  • the occurrence of an autoimmune pathology indicates the presence of disturbances in the functioning of systems throughout the body, in particular the immune system;
  • If the disease is detected early, you should immediately consult a dermatologist and not self-medicate, which can lead to the development of the disease and worsening of your health.