What is psoriasis and what causes it

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. The treatment of this disease must be carried out by complex methods. This must be done because in such patients there is a violation in the work of several internal organs at the same time. The causes of psoriasis can also be different.

elbow psoriasis


Doctors have not definitively established what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors why plaques appear on the skin include:

  • predisposition at the gene level. If the parents had psoriasis, only in 25% of cases it can be passed on to their children. When both parents have suffered from such a disease, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine still does not know the exact moments at the level of genes that contribute to the transmission of the disease.
  • Psychosomatics. Psychological reasons also affect the onset of the disease. Psoriasis appears in those who are constantly in a nervous state or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. A disease can also appear with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid gland. With a change in the hormonal background, it will be possible to observe the manifestation of plaques in the body.
  • GITFaults in the digestive system lead to the manifestation of psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors argue that a cold simply serves as an activation of the onset of the disease, but is not its cause.

To provide the patient with remission for a long time, he must constantly take vitamins and use ointments.


The boards have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. After that, a spot will remain on that part of the body, which will differ in color from the rest of the skin.

The stitch size can be from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are smaller plates and sizes. Such manifestations can merge into a common mass and affect the entire body. These body parts can itch. Skin cells will recover much more slowly than in a healthy epidermis.

The causes of psoriasis can be psychological factors. Psychology is also important here. After experiencing stress, a rash may appear on a person's head. It can also occur on the face or ankles. The disease spreads on the head mainly on the scalp. In the early stages of the appearance of such a disease, it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, the patient may not pay attention to the symptoms for a long time, attributing this to the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medication

Scientists say that no matter why this disease appeared, its symptoms may not appear right away. Spots on the body should become a danger sign. Usually they have different geometry and small diameter. In such manifestations there may be particles of dead epidermis.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but treatment must be comprehensive. Initially, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis and then to the causes. Causes and treatment are related.

To immediately stop the disease and avoid the possibility of its spread, it is necessary:

  • Get on a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Don't be nervous and avoid stress.

At the initial stage of the manifestation of such a disease, it can be treated with salicylic acid ointments. It will relieve inflammation, reduce itchiness and eliminate bacteria from the surface of plaques. In case of complications and in severe cases, treatment is carried out with a hormone-based ointment. With it, the patient will relieve inflammation and reduce the possibility of spreading plaques. The severity of symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also happens in children. The causes of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. Calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives are prescribed. You can also take herbal baths to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

An indirect effect on the manifestation of plaques may have an increase in hormones. The early stage of the disease can also be diagnosed in a child during puberty. In women, the onset of the disease may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when a hormonal increase is observed in the body.

pregnant woman with psoriasis at the doctor

When carrying a fetus, women experience remission. This is due to the adrenal glands working very hard, releasing a large amount of cortisone.

It's also worth noting that the causes, symptoms, and treatment of psoriasis can be nearly the same in women and men, regardless of age.


Half of people who suffer from psoriasis may also have joint problems. This disease can affect people from 30 to 40 years old. Symptoms usually appear on the legs. For diagnosis, you will need to undergo an x-ray, urine and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach for each patient with the ability to cure this disease. Therefore, to eliminate the symptoms, non-steroidal drugs and ointments can usually be prescribed.

Folk remedies

In a child or an adult, psoriasis can also be treated with folk remedies. He is amenable to such treatment. At the same time, the causes of psoriasis can also be different.

If the disease manifests itself due to a gastrointestinal disorder, it can be successfully treated by taking herbal decoctions. Tinctures must be in alcohol. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. Aloe.
  2. Burdock.
  3. Barley.
  4. Dandelion and others.

Such plants can have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.


It is important to follow a diet with such a disease. During periods of exacerbation, it is worth abandoning the use of citrus fruits, milk, eggs. It is also worth taking salty foods carefully and in small amounts, but it is better to refuse salt altogether. You should also not drink rich meat or fish broths. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small amounts can be consumed periodically. When the disease starts to progress, it is helpful for the body to do fasting days.

doctor examines psoriasis on the head


Psoriasis can occur with exacerbations. In this case, most of the patient's skin surface may be stained. The condition of the joints will get worse. This is dangerous because with heart failure, the pathology can lead to serious consequences.

In this case, the patient will need to comply with bed rest without fail, inject intravenous fluid that will help relieve inflammation, take complex medications that the doctor will prescribe, and apply bandages to the skin to cool it down.


Given all the reasons why plaques can appear on the body, it is possible to determine prevention methods that help to prolong remission. That's it:

  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Do not eat junk food (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. That's why you need to visit your doctor regularly.
  • Refuse cosmetics altogether or use them only in small amounts.
  • Establish a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

A good way to prevent psoriasis is ultraviolet radiation. Rays can be both artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to stay more in the sun or outdoors. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, damaged areas of the skin will produce an enzyme that can speed up the cell regeneration process. With the help of such baths, it is possible to successfully treat skin psoriasis and nail psoriasis.

It is also worth noting that scientists have discovered that there is still no way to fully recover from this disease. Remission can be seen for six months to several years.

Knowing these points, you will be able to determine the symptoms of psoriasis in time, as well as consult a doctor. If such a disease is treated at an early stage, the therapy process can be greatly facilitated and accelerated.